Shampoo contains lipophilic compounds that attract oil, and hydrophilic compounds that absorb water. During the shampooing process, the lipophilic ends attract themselves to the oils of the hair. Once the rinsing begins, lipophilic compounds are washed away with the water, dragging the hydrophilic compounds along with them.
Shampoos vary for every hair type and purpose. Shampoos with hydrating qualities contain humectants. Humectants are compounds that consist several hydrophilic groups. These humectants are hygroscopic, and have the ability to absorb water. Shampoos with these humectants leave behind the humectants into hair. Whenever you shampoo, these humectants absorb water and retain moisture during the process, as well as from other moisturizing ingredients.
Since humectants can absorb water from their surroundings, these hydrating substances are the best addition to shampoos, conditioners, and treatments to reduce moisture loss while using the product, and increase the moisture content that comes contact with the product.
Choose a hydrating shampoo that will maintain the “normal pH level” of your hair. Your hair’s normal pH level is around five. Hair with a higher pH level is susceptible to dullness, dryness, and brittleness. Your hair cuticles also tend to open when you have a high pH level, making it alkaline. Likewise, hair with a low pH level is unmanageable.
INGREDIENTS TO LOOK FOR IN HYDRATING SHAMPOOS
Coconut oil deeply penetrates into the hair shaft, brings moisture, strength, and luster to your hair as it grows.
Avocado oil is also in the list of the best natural ingredients for hydrating hair. Avocado oil serves as a humectant that locks in moisture, keeping the hair from becoming dry and brittle during sun exposure and hot climates. Avocado coats each hair strand and give it a naturally looking gloss. It is abundant in vitamins A, B, D, and E as well as amino acids, copper, folic acid, iron, and magnesium. These nutrients are essential to achieve and continually maintain healthy hair.
Argan oil is rich in vitamin E and antioxidants. It moisturizes, promotes fast hair growth, and provides volume. It also fights dry scalp and dandruff.
Shea butter is an emollient that feeds your hair with all the nourishment it needs to keep it soft, manageable, and frizz-free. It locks in moisture without leaving heavy residue or a greasy
Hydrolized keratin treats damaged hair, fills out chipped hair cuticles, prevent split-ends, and give intense shine to your hair. It also moisturizes and protects hair from harmful elements.
The list of ingredients from nature is endless. Other oils such as jojoba oil, olive oil, etc. work just as great. Each of these natural oils is excellent for treating damaged hair, locking in moisture, and ensuring hair grows long and strong. Stick to natural ingredients to achieve desired results with no side effects.
INGREDIENTS TO AVOID IN SHAMPOOS
- Lauryl sulfate / sodium laureth sulfate are harsh detergents that will leave your hair feeling chalky.
- Sodium lauryl sulfate what causes the foaming lather that you enjoy, but is actually another harsh detergent. Harsh detergents strip your hair from essential oils and break down protein.
- Sodium chloride is table salt, and is used as a thickening agent in shampoos and conditioners. However, it causes dry and itchy scalp.
- Polyethelyne Glycol is thickening agent that strips hair and scalp from their natural moisture.
- Parabens are used as a preservative that causes hormonal imbalance and skin irritation.
- Alcohol is present in almost all hair-care products. High concentrations of alcohol can dehydrate your hair. Avoid using shampoos with alcohol listed as one of the first five ingredients.
- Perfume is a mix of many other chemicals that can cause irritation to your scalp.
- Artificial colors cause allergic reactions.
- Propylene Glycol is present in most personal care products to keep the products from freezing during transport. It causes allergic reactions.
- Mineral oil, lanolin, and petroleum used in pomades and other styling products prevent your hair’s natural oils from being absorbed by the hair and weighs down the hair.
- Dimethicone is a synthetic polymer used in hair products to coat hair with added gloss and provide texture.
HOW TO HYDRATE HAIR EFFICIENTLY
You need the right products, application, and techniques to keep your hair from looking parched. To hydrate your hair means to moisturize. A well-moisturized hair makes combing and styling a lot easier. It prevents breakage and helps you manage your hair-length even better. Hydrating shampoos prevents the evaporation of water. Ingredients like emollients and oils help lock water content into the hair.