Hyperpigmentation, simply put, is a skin condition in which darker colored spots appear on the skin. The condition is typically not dangerous and caused by increased melanin or acne. Though sometimes hyperpigmentation will fade over time, there is an abundance of prescriptions and treatment procedures that can aid in balancing and restoring the skin. Don’t worry, there are also tons of over the counter skin care products you can use to get your skin back on the right track.
Having too much melanin leads to hyperpigmented skin. It can happen from sun exposure, aging, medication side effects, even a combination of these factors. Some common examples include freckles, sun spots, acne scars and age spots. It is important to understand what is causing the hyperpigmentation in order to properly treat it.
There are four types of hyperpigmentation:
- melasma (hormonal),
- lentigines (liver/ age spots),
- post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (scarring, acne, psoriasis), and
- drug induced (medication side effects).
You can treat hyperpigmented skin through the help of over the counter products. You’ll want products that help to first, brighten and second, balance uneven skin tone. Look for ingredients like rose hip oil and aloe vera. Vitamin C and retinoic acids are also helpful agents. Exfoliating away surface skin cells, toning the existing, brightening and balancing the skin is how you can treat the affected areas.
In addition to the skin care products, limiting sun exposure is extremely important. In fact, make sure to cleanse and apply the brightening cream under sunscreen. This way you can treat the existing spots while preventing further discoloration. Should the hyperpigmentation continue or worsen, consult a licensed medical professional as you may require prescription products or treatments done at an office or facility.
Hyaluronic Acid (or HA) is everywhere in the skin care world. Found in serums, lotions, masks, injectable fillers, even cosmetics! Though not an acid like salicylic acid which is prominent in stripping bacteria from the skin, hyaluronic acid naturally found in the human body. It aids in moisturizing the skin. HA literally hydrates and lubricates our skin cells keeping is soft and smooth. Hyaluronic acid is especially wonderful for your face as it can help drastically repair the quality of your skin!
Hyaluronic acid has the ability to attract and hold onto water upto a thousand times its own weight. This unique ability is what keeps our skin amply lubricated and smooth. Unfortunately for us, the hyaluronic acid production in our bodies begins to decline as we age. As a result of the decline, the skin is unable to retain moisture and its healthy properties. This means inevitable dry skin, loss of hydration, visible fine lines, and wrinkles!
Because of HA’s high capability to attract water, it can also retain it for extended periods of time. The most popular topical application is in serum form. Serums tend to have a higher potency or dosage. Applying directly to the skin can improve elasticity and firmness in the skin. The acid helps to plump up the skin, resulting in softer and visibly healthier looking skin. It’s ability to hold in the moisture creates a barrier to help fight against environmental stressors, as well. This reduces UV exposure damage or free radicals disturbances.
Whether in place of or in addition to serums, facial creams containing hyaluronic acid can also produce results. They can be used for dry, normal, combination, even oily skin types. Along with topical aids you can find in the skin care aisles, hyaluronic acid may also be ingested from certain foods. If you’re looking to work from the inside out, try eating foods like root vegetables, leafy greens, citrus fruits, broths high in animal bone marrow, and even red wine! However you choose to get ample hyaluronic acid, your skin should reflect it with its soft, smooth, silky results!